Prepared by National Centre for HIV/AIDS,
Dermatology and STD, Cambodia
A joint publication of UNDP/UNOPS and NCHADS
The rate of HIV
infection in Cambodia is the highest for all of South East Asia at
present-Economic liberalization, intermittent political instability,
improvement of major road systems and increased exposure of formerly
insulated communities and persons to outside contacts has
exacerbated the vulnerability to HIV of the Cambodian people.
The planned reconstruction of two of Cambodia's major roadways,
Highway One and Highway Five, pose a number of challenges in the
battle against HIV/AIDS transmission. Cutting across the country,
these two highways link Cambodia to its neighbours of Thailand and
Viet Nam. Increased population movement including short-term
movements between villages and cities, and the increase in economic
activity surrounding large-scale construction projects along transit
routes, serve as catalysts for the spread of HIV/AIDS.
Mobile populations such as long-distance truck drivers, commercial
sex workers, seafarers, and migrant workers, are increasingly coming
in contact with local communities where services are provided at
places such as brothels, gambling places, hotels, guest houses,
restaurants, bars and car parks. Interaction among these diverse
sectors provides fertile ground for the transmission of HIV/AIDS.
To respond to this challenge, UNDP South East Asia HIV and
Development Project (UNDP-SEAHIV) focuses its work on the linkages
between development, population movement and HIV/AIDS.
This Cambodia study assesses the linkage between population movement
and the spread of HIV/AIDS along Highway One and Highway Five to
determine HIV vulnerability along these routes in Cambodia.
The study employed surveys, interviews and site visits to identify
the significance and the location of the various types of movement
paying special attention to intersection/interaction points and
patterns. This study forms the basis to formulate an action plan, to
be developed and implemented by relevant authorities after national
The UNDP-SEAHIV gratefully acknowledges the coordination efforts of
UNDP Cambodia country office; the National Centre for HIV/AIDS,
Dermatology and STD, Cambodia; other agencies; and staff at the
provincial AIDS secretariat for their research and for compiling the
information contained herein.
Download publication in